Strateg. Enterprise Architecture (EA) defines the current and desirable future states of an organisation’s processes, capabilities, application systems, data, and IT infrastructure and provides a roadmap for achieving this target from the current state (Ross et al., 2006, Tamm et al., 2011, Zachman, 1987).Enterprise Architecture … Zachman, J.A., 1987. Therefore, this paper aims at indicating the increased capabilities of Enterprise Architecture Analytics and Decision Support through, The advance of information technology impacts Tourism more than many other industries, due to the service character of its products. Various claims have been made regarding the benefits that Enterprise Architecture (EA) delivers for both individual systems development projects and the organization as a whole. EA service provision also enables the development, Use of EA Services in Business-driven Change has a positive impact on Project Bene, exible IT platform with compatible, integrated and inter-, ;). This research has demonstrated that companies, who deploy DEAC successfully, see a significant improvement in process innovation. projects will have elements of each component, depending on the nature of the change project. Supportive mechanisms were common language, co-operation The role of IT application orchestration capability in improving agility and performance. Information Technology Architecture and Solutions Context In 2014, Griffith University embarked on a new approach to enterprise architecture. IT Alignment for Competitiveness. The basis for governance activities will Springer, Lesley, S., Efrom, N., 2014. EAM-based strategic planning benefits 10. This chapter discusses an approach for assessing the maturity of the business-IT alignment. 2011). Download PDF. Inf. • New paradigms and architectures for Business Process executions Introduction and Comments. However, there are some more influencing factors due to the digital transformation that were not taken into consideration yet. Management. 8. It is advisable to take small steps. ). This thesis examines the implementation of enterprise architecture (EA) in the The service provision perspective of EA re, s broader role not only as the producer of, How do EA advisory services lead to organisational bene, of resource-based theory. Bider, Kahina Bessai, Karsten Böhm, Lars Brehm, Dirk Fahland, Claude In the paper at hand, we aim to go one step further. presented within modified CCP model that includes stakeholders. Enterprise Architecture Management Methods in literature and Practice. issue of an international journal. However, there is little research that explains the pathways between these focal concepts. The BPMDS series has produced We find that organisational and technical complexities, as well as a limited understanding of EA and lack of formal EA governance mechanisms, are significant obstacles. Therefore, the alignment of IT and strategy and digitization is of crucial importance to enterprises in Tourism. By infusing EA with principles of the well-established Dynamic Capabilities View, a new concept called Dynamic Enterprise Architecture Capabilities (DEAC) can be established. The overarching Enterprise Architecture document that describes the structure and scope of the Enterprise Architecture programme at the University. To overcome these problems, the authors develop and apply a testing system based on measures of shared variance within the structural model, measurement model, and overall model. These two ways of identifying change opportunities re, Tamm et al., 2015; Toppenberg et al., 2015, , we also argue that EA Governance plays an important role in ensuring that EA Services are used, uence) and governance (control) on the use of, ectiveness, IT platform and systems, and business, ), we highlight the importance of EA as a service capability that provides advice to business and IT stake-, Asadi Someh et al., 2016; Lange et al., 2016; Niemi and Pekkola, 2016; Tamm et al., 2015, comprises various artefacts including business capability models and IT system models (data, applications etc.) It is interesting to note that components of Project Bene, ) weighted higher than components of Project Bene, ts related to the more traditional EAS use (IT platform, ts as comprising Agility, Competitive Advantage and Value. We conducted survey research and collected a sample of 110 respondents. All the. Currently, there isn’t a speciﬁc method to ﬁnd patterns for Enterprise Information Architecture in the area of Government. Based on this study's outcomes, we contend that dynamic enterprise architecture capabilities positively enhance firms' process innovation and business-IT alignment. In: AMCIS (2011). applications and infrastructure, and to identify and implement new IT-based innovations. Therefore, alignment addresses both how IT is in harmony with the business, and how the business should, or could, be in harmony with IT. An alternative research approach investigates more factors and helps to get a deeper insight of impact factors. Within firms, EA is used to provide firms with value across departments, processes, and business units in the process of aligning strategic business objectives with state-of-the-art technologies (Gong & Janssen, 2019;Hazen et al., 2017;Ross et al., 2006;Tamm et al., 2011). In the US this dates back to the Information Technology Management Reform Act of 1996 (often referred to as the Clinger-Cohen Act) which made it mandatory for all 116 of the US federal departments and agencies to develop a sound and integrated IT architecture … Gartner, 2016. The statistical tests used in the analysis of structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error are examined. While EA Service Capability is about providing valuable advice based on knowledge sharing and, trusting relationships, EA Governance is about encouraging and enforcing compliance, approaches complement each other and both are necessary to ensure that EA services are used. Assets include IT hardware and software, data and, people, while capabilities include organisational processes and routines that utilise assets, assets are readily available and some are commodities, superior organisational performance can be largely attributed to the unique, and valuable capabilities that enable organisations to perform activities more e, Within the resource-based theory, organisational capabilities are regarded as a critical determinant of, Existing empirical research on EA and bene, technologies to achieve sustainable competitive advantage, enabler of innovation, particularly in service sector organisations, through the process of sensing, seizing and transformation of the, To develop the research model we followed two phases: explorative and con, plorative phase involved an extensive analysis of relevant literature (ref removed for blind review) followed, interviews with 30 industry experts and two focus groups with enterprise architects and chief information o, blind review) to develop the research model. 2010;Niemi and Pekkola 2016). However, demonstrating the business value of EA has proven elusive. First, alth, cers (ref removed for blind review) were used when developing the research model, there is a, nd the concepts and relationships. • Foundations for simulating or executing business processes describes how organisations businesses, information and systems function as a 4 (1), 7, Gefen, D., Rigdon, E.E., Straub, D., 2011. If you are referring to software used to capture Enterprise Architecture artefacts, then the benefits are typically along the lines of: * A central repository of information that is significant from an architecture perspective. Digital Enterprises are challenged to combine business and IT to gain from existing technological achievements. 8.1. Schmidt, C., Buxmann, P.: Outcomes a. Andersson, H., Tuddenham, P.: Reinventing IT to support digitization. Indeed, the experiences of most end user companies and across the IT industry had shown that there is still a considerable challenge in this space - to devise a flexible approach to enterprise architecture modelling that caters for all of the different perspectives. Benefits of Enterprise Architecture. #3. IT-driven change projects will lead to interrelated, ) and adapt the four capabilities of the Net-Enabled, ) to EA: (1) identify new EA enabled IT change opportunities, (2) assess the value. Common method biases in behvioral research: a critical review of the literature and recommended, c Research in Information Systems: A Beginner, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10257-013-0213-4, ction? J. • Location and context dependence of business processes. The research model's hypotheses are tested using a dataset that contains responses from 299 CIO's, IT managers, and lead architects. Kindstrom, D., Kowalkowski, C., Sandberg, E., 2013. ts from IT-driven change in a number of ways. Our study contributes to the nascent discourse on enterprise architecture management (EAM) benefits by proposing a theory-led, empirically validated model to explain how EAM benefits unfold. Expanding markets and corporate boundaries. Therefore, we scrutinize approaches for managing enterprise architectures based on a literature research. Ecosystem-aware Business Process Modeling, Development and Support. 9 (1), 21, Tallon, P.P., Kraemer, K.L., 2007. Wixom, Todd, 2005. A retroductive analysis was In the public sector, EA programs often set goals to increase the quality of public services, to improve the costefficiency, and to reduce the number of overlapping systems and processes ). A, erent sections of the survey. Multiple real-world examples - including knowledge management, implementation of workflow systems and standard software solutions (SAP R/3 in particular) - address the deployment of ARIS methods. Our study provides four lessons learned for planning and implementing EA initiatives, as follows: #1. For example, early in the enterprise architecture implementation, Cisco IT pared down existing instances of Salesforce.com by more than 50 percent using the unified architecture approach. The, impact of EA Service Capability was much greater than the impact of EA Governance. However, demonstrating the business value of EA has proven elusive. MIS Quart. This definition represents the consensus opinion of the entire Gartner enterprise architecture research community on the scope and purpose of EA. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. In the view of strategy, it pays off to formulate proven EA benefits that directly can be justified financially and strategically. Various claims We propose a conceptual model in which the effect of IT application orchestration on firm performance is mediated by process agility. Enterprise architecture service provision: pathways to value. Implement EA-enabled business change solutions. In: 31st International Conference on Information Systems ICIS (December), pp. of Computer Science, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (1986). All of the, 0.001 level except H4 which was supported at the p, ned and used to explain how EA brings bene, ecision-makers are provided with relevant, timely, change projects to use EA content and standards, ed and implemented: IT-driven change and business-driven, ect the more traditional and emerging use of EA services within organisations, and both lead to project-level, cant. However how do you measure the benefits of an Enterprise Architecture and an Enterprise Architecture program. • New platforms such as blockchains and smart contracts. Forming an EA team is one of the imperative tasks for building an organisation's EA service capability and achieving benefits from EA at a later stage. papers) should report results in an advanced stage, including at least partial evaluation. First, it helps optimise the project, ). Digitization changes business processes and enterprise architectures in many sectors. In this paper we focus on EA service capability and develop and test a new research model that explains how EA service brings benefits to organisations. It provides a holistic, top down view of structure and systems, making it invaluable in managing the complexities of data-driven business.. Once considered solely a function of IT, enterprise architecture has historically operated from an … MIS Quart. Enterprise architecture can be used as an instrument to integrate big data analytics into the existing IT landscape and enabling the development of capabilities to create value from these technologies. In resource-based theory, organisations are conceptualised as bundles of resources (, Resources may be tangible or intangible, and comprise assets and capabilities. Overall, the R, values provide substantial support for the explanatory, The hypotheses were evaluated by examining signi. The goals, format, and history of Modeling value creation with enterprise architecture. IT – An EA approach in this department can help with the unification of processes, improving interoperability between systems and helping to reduce the number of … • Standard and non-standard perspectives on business processes p. 175 (2013). We recommend more research into the role of the context in enterprise architecture research. Nevertheless, scholars appear to have a common understanding that EA and EAM benefit realization comprises of benefits resulting directly from EA and EAM efforts and different levels of indirect effects, such as benefits on an organizational level (Foorthuis et al. It will give fundamental insights in the current research work of enterprise architecture management analytics as well as decision support based on this quantitative data. The results Strat. of the service business unit’s configuration, this article identifies critical variables (the firm’s strategic agility and capability) that influence make-or-buy decisions. This is followed. The collected data was assessed for common method bias and measures for re, The hypotheses were tested using PLS (SmartPLS 3.0, path weighting scheme). Some recent work has highlighted the importance, Frampton et al., 2015; Lange et al., 2016; Niemi and Pekkola, 2016; Tamm et al., 2015, ts are realised. Key Issue: What are the 10 best practices of enterprise architecture? This study advances our understanding of how to efficaciously de-lineate dynamic enterprise architecture capabilities in delivering benefits to the organization. Besides the basements of current Tourism application, we investigate which scenarios are possible via data-centered platforms in Tourism and how this transformation can be done. However, … Strategic assets and organizational rent. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Prioritise EA-enabled business change solutions. Specifying formative constructs in information systems research. MIS Quart. 36, (2012). as a method for systemic change, a suitable theoretical framing was necessary. Tamm, T., Seddon, P., Shanks, G., Reynolds, P., Frampton, K.M., 2015. Submissions A critical look at the use of PLS-SEM in MIS quarterly. longitudinal case is described using the CCP model and the results are THE BENEFITS OF BUSINESS ARCHITECTURE Thus, this chapter helps the reader to understand the various aspects of Enterprise Internet of Things after acquiring technical background of Internet of Things from the previous chapters. Springer Science & Business Media (1993). cation, prioritisation and implementation of business change, ). J. This research contributes to the emergent literature on dynamic capabilities by proposing and testing a theory of how IT application orchestration capability affects agility and firm performance. Institutionalization and the e. Systems, Association for Information Systems. Having a group of EA, s IT systems and business, together with excellent communication, ective EA governance and service capability work together to ensure bene, ts. Uncertainty is very different from risk, which can be managed using traditional tools and approaches. Conference attached to CAiSE ( conference on Advanced information systems engineering ) ) management has become an intensively discussed to! Been ranked as a top-priority management concern and is management knowledge base operations.... 3 ( 1 ), pp the confines of the variance in could enhance agility. How to efficaciously de-lineate dynamic enterprise architecture delivers value by presenting business and IT architectures non-normal... 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