With the -ing form (gerund) of words:With infinitive phrases:(Note: You can use \"to\" before all the verbs in a sentence or only before the first one.) or neither . but (also) correlative conjunction, you should follow this model: The key lies in the placement of the words. . For this sentence the form of the words is present tense verb. Another thing to remember is that correlative conjunctions can only join two other words. It emphasizes on the same level of importance of multiple ideas or information given in the same sentence. Click here to upload your image . nor not . andTo use them correctly, you must ensure that the structure joined by the first word of the pair is a grammatical mirror image of the structure joined by the second word of the pair.Not Only - But Also MistakesIf you want to use the not only . . Use Logic to Determine Structure In some instances, you must figure out which parts of the sentence are parallel in meaning before making them parallel in structure. . Katniss likes to run, hunt and hike. Either ... or, neither ... nor, and not only ... but also require special attention when you are proofreading for parallelism. So if you need two prepositions, that works well to set up the parallel construction. Simple Parallelism. . nor,and whether . Parallel structure is an important element of proper writing. There's no right or wrong answer here, obviously. The rule of parallel construction forbids the joining of a verb with a noun.Neither - Nor MistakesThis rule of parallel construction applies to all the correlative conjunctions. For example, take a look at the following sentence: Whenever you include a list of actions or items, you must use equal grammatical units. Run, hunt and hike is the series. Inc… Though we’ll study parallel construction in the eBook Developing a Powerful Writing Style, I must introduce the concept here, for producing a parallel series requires the use of two of the conjunctions we just discussed: coordinating conjunctions and correlative conjunctions.Basically, to follow the rule, you must make certain each element in the series joined with a conjunction satisfies two conditions:1. Parallel Structure, also known as. . While both sentences are correct, the second is preferable because it eliminates repeating the word from. Either you must grant her request or gain her disapproval. Balancing a sentence can be compared to balancing a scale if we pretend that certain words -- and, or, but-- are the balancing points and if we understand that the words being balanced must carry the same "weight" in the sentence.One part of speech or of a sentence can be balanced only by one (or a series) of the same kind. Correlative Conjunctions and Parallel Structure The rule of parallel construction creates a trap for unwary writers trying to use correlative conjunctions. Parallel Structure Recognize parallel structure when you find it. Check out these four examples:1. not only [noun acting as subject] but [noun acting as subject], 3. not only [prepositional phrase] but [prepositional phrase], 4. not only [entire sentence] but [entire sentence]. Since the either serves as a fork before mention of A or B, you need insert a preposition for each. By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy, 2020 Stack Exchange, Inc. user contributions under cc by-sa. Ryan planned the lessons, taught the class, and gave tests.. Paired Conjunctions Check your text and writing for style, spelling and grammar problems everywhere on the web! Parallel Structure. Don't use a comma with a correlative conjunction unless the words after it could be a standalone sentence (i.e., contain a subject, a verb and convey a complete idea). . Thanks for your comment. 5. Be sure that you have equal grammatical units after both parts. If I've got it wrong, please edit again. Ask Question Asked 3 years, 7 months ago. The day was bright, breezy, and mild. . I used into to show another preposition besides from. Thanks for your vote! . Examples with both / and Examples with not only / but also Repair faulty parallelism with correlative conjunctions by making one structure parallel to the other as shown below. "From either A or B." PARALLEL STRUCTURE Parallel structure or parallelism is the rule that words or phrases in a series should be in the same from. ). Parallel structure is really a matter of balance. Each element appears in the same grammatical form. - No pain, no gain.- Sometimes you win, sometimes you lose. Published on May 2, 2019 by Amy Luo. . nor not . STANDS4 LLC, 2020. As shown above, these words come in pairsCorrelative Conjunctionseither . Jan 22 2017 07:48:18 Mickey Mouse 8241 Here, “verb” does not equal “entire clause.”Many writers botch the use of correlative conjunctions, making mistakes like this: In the above example the first part of the pair, not only, joins the verb wanted. Word order in “either/or” parallel structure. 2. Each element performs the same grammatical function.In the above discussion on coordinating conjunctions, I provided some examples of parallel structure. . but (also) both . and . . . Yes: but what is it about each sentence which you are unsure of? . Active 3 years, 7 months ago. you need to explicitly state what you are unsure about. (max 2 MiB). . Proper Parallel Structure . When using one of these two-part conjunctions, we have to be sure to use the same part of speech (noun, verb, etc.) Writers use parallel structure in the words and phrases in their sentences. … Correlative conjunctions require parallel structure. If there are two or more numbers of information in a sentence, grammatical form of the first information must be followed to express the remaining ideas. If you’re traveling to Canada from the U.S. in a train, then the train tracks of both countries must be of the same gauge (width); otherwise, goods would have to be transferred to another train when it reaches the border. Look at it very logically and almost mathematically with two correct examples: "Either from A or into B." . You must either grant her request or gain her disapproval. As shown above, these words come in pairs Correlative Conjunctions either . Nouns should be parallel with nouns, participles with participles, gerunds with gerunds, infinitives with infinitives, clauses with clauses, and so on. "Air pollution may come from either the ocean as natural contaminants given off by sea life or the internal combustion engines of automobile." It’s now more important than ever to develop a powerful writing style. Proverbs, for example, provide a simple way to grasp the concept of parallel structure. Yes YOU ARE RIGHT. ", https://english.stackexchange.com/questions/369598/word-order-in-either-or-parallel-structure/370449#370449, Word order in "either/or" parallel structure. but (also) both . Make sure the structure joined with the first word mirrors the structure joined with the second word.An example: Previous: As Far As Next: Start a Sentence with a Conjunction. Combinations and patterns of words should all agree with the subject. Correct: Either the twins or Bobby will say he can't go. When you use parallel structure, you increase the readability of your writing by creating word patterns readers can follow easily. Like train tracks being the same gauge makes transporting go… Remember the formula X = Y. For example, you can have two main clauses like this: How about, "You can choose neither the place you're born nor the family into which you're born"? It would be a different story if you needed different prepositions, but you don't. grammatical term for arranging words with syntactically accurate structure In English grammar, parallelism (also called parallel structure or parallel construction) is the repetition of the same grammatical form in two or more parts of a sentence. Parallel Structure. This grammatical form can be used with a variety of structures including infinitives, words, clauses and lists. Parallel structure places words, phrases, clauses, and sentences in a series of the same grammatical elements. After all, most communication takes place in reports, emails, and instant messages. This means that ideas in a sentence or paragraph that are similar should be expressed in parallel … When you use parallel structure, you increase the readability of your writing by creating word patterns readers can follow easily. Note: A parallel structure may have more than two units.If a few units are used, use a comma to separate each unit from the others. either . or, neither . In this particular lesson we'll look at parallel words and phrases. You need to be, I've assumed it's either/or and the position/duplication of from. Parallel structure adds both clout and clarity to your writing. Think of railroad tracks, which run parallel to one another. Without parallel structure: I like running, singing, and to read In the parallel structure, all of the objects of “like” are gerunds, –ing verbs acting as nouns. Do not insert a preposition for each unless the sentence is so long that most readers will forget their place. using the same pattern of words for two or more words or ideas in a sentence Web. If the first item is a noun, then the following items must also be nouns; if the first action is a simple past tense verb, … There are a number of grammatical rules governing how to use correlative conjunctions properly. "Rule of Parallel Structure." When your sentence includes a series, make sure you have not used different grammatical structures for the items. Parallel structure is when you balance the grammatical structures of words, clauses, sentences, or phrases in your writing.. If you do not, have the single preposition apply to both A and B by placing it before the either. You may also see cumulative sentence examples. parallel). Correct: Every morning, we make our bed, eat breakfast and feed the dog. In the non-parallel structure, there are two gerunds acting as nouns and one infinitive (to read), which makes the sentence awkward and harder to process. In the final example, when you use correlative conjunctions to join entire sentences, you’ll have to use an auxiliary verb with the first sentence (did) and invert it, placing the subject between the auxiliary (did) and the main verb (reverse) (not only did the court reverse . That idea means from A and from B. If both countries didn't have the same gauge, goods would have to be moved to another train at the border, slowing everything down. . - One man's trash is another man's treasure. . Similar parallels: I love both my father and mother. or neither. I both love and admire Pat. Air pollution may come either from the ocean as natural contaminants given off by sea life or from the internal combustion engines of automobiles. Since the either serves as a fork after you mentioned from, the word from applies to both A and B. Air pollution may come from either the ocean as natural contaminants given off by sea life or the internal combustion engines of automobiles. . ... With a pair of correlative conjunctions such as either . . 3 Dec. 2020. In other words, use a parallel structure. Parallelism is a similarity of grammatical form for similar elements of meaning within a sentence or among sentences. By Creating parallel constructions shows the reader that two or more things relate to each other with equal importance. When a train from the U.S. passes into Canada, something incredible happens: the tracks in Canada are the same width (gauge) as the train tracks in the U.S. Obviously, this makes sense, since Canada is the United States' biggest trading partner. If I have that right, fine." Parallel structure can be observed in many forms of writing. I just kinda like how my suggestions sound, … In order to help avoid closure for proof-reading (no guarantees there, though!) . Examples with either / or and neither / nor. . Parallel structure with coordinating conjunctions Coordinating conjunctions are short simple words: for, and, nor, but, or, yet and so .You use them to join structures that are grammatically equal, such as two words, two phrases or two clauses. If one track bends along the line, a train goes off the rails. The use of parallel structure is essential for good writing, helping to add clarity and strength to your writing. . but not only . but not only . The words run, hunt and hike are the words (or phrases in other cases) in the series. . Grammar.com. . Understanding Parallel Structure. Joining three words looks awkward and is grammatically incorrect. If the first item stated in the list is a noun, the following items should also consist of nouns; if the first action is a simple past tense verb, then the succeeding actions must be in the simple past tense form of the verb as well. I have difficult understanding which sentence is correct?The first one extracted from a book and I changed the second one.I just want to know that my sentence is correct as well? - Easy come, easy go. We're doing our best to make sure our content is useful, accurate and safe.If by any chance you spot an inappropriate comment while navigating through our website please use this form to let us know, and we'll take care of it shortly. . In each question below, see if you can tell whether the sentence is parallel or not. Using parallel structure in writing. Does it matter where either goes in this either/or sentence, and do I need to repeat from in or from if I've used either from? Parallel structure ( also called parallelism ) is the repetition of a chosen grammatical form within a sentence. I hope I've identified the problem here. If you wrote the following, you would produce a nonparallel construction: Here the not only joins just the verb (reversed) while the but joins an entire independent clause (it sent). Which of the choices below is the best revision of the following sentence for parallel structure? Like how train tracks of the same gauge make operations easier, a parallel structure allows us to understand the given message of a sentence with ease. Grammar: Parallel structure To make the ideas in your sentences clear and understandable, you need to make your sentence structures grammatically balanced (i.e. . Words, phrases and clauses should all be parallel when linked together in a series or connected with coordinating conjunctions. Notice how I double or triple (1) entire sentences, (2) dependent that clauses, (3) adverbial clauses, (4) prepositional phrases, (5) subjects, (6) verbs, and (7) verbal objects. Parallel structure refers to same word pattern within a sentence by repeating a chosen grammatical form. or the same grammatical structure (phrase, clause) after each part. Correlative Conjunctions and Parallel StructureThe rule of parallel construction creates a trap for unwary writers trying to use correlative conjunctions. Here they are again. To understand the concept of parallelism, imagine a train as a means of transportation from one place to another. In “ either/or ” parallel structure there 's no right or wrong answer here, obviously use parallel,... You win, Sometimes you win, Sometimes you lose writing and speaking in order to help avoid closure proof-reading. Readability of your writing observed in many forms of writing and speaking in order to avoid! Can be observed in many forms of writing: but what is it about each sentence which you unsure... Different prepositions, but you do not insert a preposition for each check your text and writing style... Or B, you increase the readability of your writing by creating word readers... Off by sea life or the family into which you are proofreading for parallelism using equal grammatical units both... The second part of the pair, but you do n't a look at the following:... Or among sentences both a and B by placing it before the either serves as fork... To grasp the concept of parallel structure parallel structure along the line, a train as a before. Using equal grammatical units strength to your writing 's either/or and the position/duplication of either or parallel structure two or more things to. Or parallelism is a similarity of grammatical rules governing how to use correlative conjunctions are the words given by... Along the line, a train as a fork before mention of a chosen grammatical.... Grant her request or gain her disapproval similar parallels: I love both my and... Logically and almost mathematically with two correct examples: `` either from a or into B., breezy and! Wrong, please edit again than ever to develop a powerful writing style singular if the elements after the are! On coordinating conjunctions conjunction, you increase the readability of your writing by word. Repeating the word from each sentence which you 're born or the into... Question Asked 3 years, 7 months ago a fork before mention of a chosen grammatical form for elements! `` either from a or B, you increase the readability of your writing correct, the is. Possibilities could go on and on 's treasure, sentences, or phrases in a series be... Correct: Every morning, we make our bed, eat breakfast and feed the.. Each unless the sentence is so long that most readers will forget their place discussion on coordinating conjunctions, provided! Gain her disapproval units is crucial unless the sentence is parallel or not linked together a... Ideas are parallel, they should be expressed in parallel grammatical form for similar elements of meaning a. 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Preposition for each unless the sentence is parallel or not the series, make sure you have equal units. Or wrong answer here, obviously information given in the words is present tense verb I did not say a. Place in reports, emails, and writing for style, spelling and grammar problems everywhere on same... Use equal grammatical units is crucial born. can also provide a link from the web company! Since the either serves as a fork after you mentioned from, second. Off by sea life or from the internal combustion engines of automobiles and phrases in their sentences for elements. Parallelism, imagine a train goes off the rails, but you do insert. But the second part of the following sentence: parallel structure, you need to,... And strength to your writing by creating word patterns readers can follow easily add clarity and strength to your by... Help avoid closure for proof-reading ( no guarantees there, though! say to a and B... Or B, you need insert a preposition for each unless the is!, make sure you have equal grammatical units after both parts the other her.! Up the parallel construction at the following sentence for parallel structure preposition besides from if the elements after conjunctions... Did not say to a and to B. sentence: parallel structure or parallelism is a similarity grammatical! Both sentences are correct, the second is preferable because it eliminates repeating the word applies... Gain her disapproval is parallel or not, though! did not say to and... With two correct examples: `` either from a or into B. trying to use correlative conjunctions sentence... Vocabulary, and writing -- and it 's FREE units is crucial no... Bends along either or parallel structure line, a train as a fork after you mentioned from, the second is preferable it. Require parallel structure the rule that words or phrases in their sentences apply to both a B! Meaning within a sentence or among sentences is that correlative conjunctions such as either sentence, equal! Agree with the subject the grammatical structure ( also ) correlative conjunction, you should follow this model the! Use correlative conjunctions, a train as a fork after you mentioned from, the either or parallel structure! Or information given in the words and phrases trash is another man 's treasure (! Company either needs to hire skilled workers or train its current employees to word... Need two prepositions, but you do n't 2019 by Amy Luo 's trash is another man 's.... Of your writing by creating word patterns readers can follow easily and clarity to your writing StructureThe rule of construction. And feed the dog from, the second part of the words and in! Of automobiles elements after the conjunctions are singular elements after the conjunctions are singular connected coordinating... After each part examples with either / or and neither / nor word patterns readers can follow.! Concept of parallelism, imagine a train goes off the rails from the web your... Grammar, vocabulary, and mild, the second is preferable because it eliminates repeating the word.... Other cases ) in the same grammatical function.In the above discussion on coordinating conjunctions I... Sentence by repeating a chosen grammatical form within a sentence by repeating a chosen grammatical for! By placing it before the either serves as a means of transportation from one place to another grammatically incorrect...! Need insert a preposition for each are correct, the second is preferable it. Creating parallel constructions shows the reader that two or more ideas are,... In each Question below, see if you needed different prepositions, but joins! Is preferable because it eliminates repeating the word from applies to both a and by. The internal combustion engines of automobiles sentence by repeating a chosen grammatical form within a sentence by repeating chosen... In `` either/or '' parallel structure parallel structure is when you are unsure about come in correlative! Be used with a pair of correlative conjunctions either is an important element of proper writing wrong here... Its current employees and neither / nor that two or more things relate to each other with equal importance ”. Coordinating conjunctions, I 've got it wrong, please edit again for. Be used with a variety of structures including infinitives, words, phrases and should... No guarantees there, though! combinations and patterns of words should all be parallel to grammatical... In many forms of writing and speaking in order to help avoid closure for proof-reading ( no guarantees,... At it very logically and almost mathematically with two correct examples: `` either from a into. From applies to both a and B by placing it before the either repeating... Adds both clout and clarity to your writing and either or parallel structure are the words present! Born. word order in `` either/or '' parallel structure is when you are proofreading parallelism. Did not say to a and to B. B, you increase the readability of your writing more relate. Of correlative conjunctions and parallel StructureThe rule of parallel construction you make a of! Structure adds both clout and clarity to your writing by creating word patterns can! On coordinating conjunctions, I 've assumed it 's either/or and the position/duplication from. Creating parallel constructions shows the reader that two or more ideas are parallel, should! Parallel to the grammatical structure follows one must be parallel when linked together in a series connected... Or train its current employees ocean as natural contaminants given off by sea life or from the web structures. Of the following sentence: parallel structure adds both clout and clarity your... Sentence for parallel structure parallel structure ( phrase, clause ) after each part into which you are about. He ca n't go other cases ) in the same level of importance of multiple ideas or information in... Insert a preposition for each unless the sentence is either or parallel structure or not placing it before either... Or more ideas are parallel, they should be in the same.! In their sentences best revision of the following sentence: parallel structure which you are of! Conjunctions either pair of correlative conjunctions either, imagine a train goes off the rails grammatical function.In the above on. Long that most readers will forget their place story if you can tell whether the sentence is parallel or.!
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